The Constitution was adopted by theConstituent Assemblyon 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date of 26 January was chosen to comme mo rate the Purna Swaraj declaration of independenceof 1930.
With its adoption, theUnion of India officially became the modern and contemporary Republic of India and it replaced theGovernment of India Act 1935 as the country’s fundamental governing document. To ensure constitutional autochthony, the framers of constitution repealed the prior Actsof the British Parliament via the Article 395 of the constitution. India celebrates the coming into force of the constitution on 26 January each year as Republic Day
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